Dante’s description of Heaven has no terrestrial references and is the product of fertile imagination. Heaven consists of nine concentric spheres inside the Empyrean, which is the permanent seat of the blessed and God. Systematically arranged in the ranks of a white rose, a vast amphitheatre, they behold God.

Dante sees the blessed souls in the heaven corresponding to their earthly virtue, which accounts for the influence that heaven exerts on them. However, their seat is the white rose. With a few exceptions, Dante sees the blessed souls not in their earthly semblance but as pure light. The heavens move through the nine orders of angels according to God’s will, one for each of them. The speed of rotation is directly proportional to the proximity to the Creator. Therefore, Paradise is movement, it is dance and music, utterly pure and pervasive. Perfect eternal harmony. The pattern is the following:

1st Heaven: the Sphere of the MoonBreakers of VowsAngels
2nd Heaven: the Sphere of MercuryLovers of GloryPrincedoms
3rd Heaven: the Sphere of VenusThe LoversPodestà
4th Heaven: the Sphere of the SunThe WiseVirtues
5th Heaven: the Sphere of MarsThe Warriors of the FaithDominations
6th Heaven: the Sphere of JupiterThe Just RulersThrones
7th Heaven: the Sphere of SaturnThe ContemplativesArchangels
8th Heaven: the Sphere of Fixed StartThe Triumph of ChristCherubs
9th Heaven: the Primum MobileThe Nine Orders of AngelsSeraphs
10th: the EmpyreanThe White RoseGod, the angels, the blessed

Traduzione a cura della classe 5aC A.S.20/21 del Liceo Scientifico A. Oriani di Ravenna

Viaggio di Dante nel Paradiso